M Eslami, Z Takalloo, G Mahdevar, A Emamjomeh… – bioRxiv, 2017

Morteza Eslami, Zeinab Takalloo, Ghasem Mahdevar, Abbasali Emamjomeh, Reza Hasan Sajedi, Javad Zahiri
Publication date
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Various cold-adapted organisms produce antifreeze proteins (AFPs), which prevent to freeze of cell fluids by resisting the growth of the ice crystal. AFPs are currently being recognized in various organisms that are living in extremely low temperatures. AFPs have several important applications in increasing freeze tolerance of plants; maintain the tissue in frozen conditions and producing cold-hardy plants using transgenic technology. Substantial differences in the sequence and structure of the AFPs, pose a challenge for researcher to identify these proteins. In this paper, we proposed a novel method for identifying AFPs using support vector machine (SVM) by incorporating 4 types of features. Results on two benchmark datasets revealed the strength of the proposed method in AFP prediction. Also, according to the results on an independent test set, our method outperformed the current state-of-the-art methods. The further analysis showed the non-satisfactory performance of the BLAST in AFP detection: more than 62% of the BLAST searches have specificity less than 10% and there is no any BLAST search with sensitivity higher than 10%. These results reveal the urgent need for an accurate tool for AFP detection. In addition, the comparison results of the discrimination power of different feature types disclosed that evolutionary features and amino acid composition are the most contributing features in AFP detection. This method has been implemented as a stand-alone tool, namely afpCOOL, for various operating systems to predict AFPs with a user friendly graphical interface. Availability: afpCOOL is freely available at http://bioinf.modares.ac.ir:8080 …

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